So-Called “Dark Energy” is Silly
Over the past few years astronomers and physicists have observed distant galaxies and found interesting things. First they found that the observed motions did not fit their knowledge of physical forces so they created a hypothetical fudge factor called “dark matter.” The dark matter is said to be about ¾ of all matter, but is unseen and perhaps unsee able. Over the past 10 years physicists have spent millions of taxpayer dollars looking for dark matter, but haven't found any. Fudge factors don't exist in physical space.
The “dark matter” fudge wasn't enough. More recently the astronomers looked out into space and “determined” that distant galaxies are moving away from the earth, and the farther away they are the faster they move away. Distant galaxies appear to be accelerating away from each other and from us. That didn't fit with their known theories so they invented another, and even larger fudge factor called “dark energy.” So-called “dark energy” is said to make up about ¾ of all the mass in the universe. Between mythical dark matter and mythical dark energy, observable mass is down to maybe 5% or 10% of the universe. The other 95% is now said to be “dark,” unobserved, or just mythical. The fudge factor.
These fudge factors have now been integrated into the physics and astronomy being taught in universities. Instead of taking another look at their data, or their theories, they use the convenient fudge factors.
Here is one other theory. Suppose that the “observed fact” that distant galaxies are accelerating away is wrong. Lets look at the measurements. Astronomers measure the velocity of distant objects by looking at the color of light. Objects moving away from us are assumed to cause a shift toward red, or a “red shift.” The theory says, the more blue the light, the faster the galaxy is coming toward us. If light shifts red, then the galaxy is moving rapidly away.
Doppler shift works with sound waves in air and is easy to observe. The sound tone lowers as the speeding car moves past. But I can't recall ever seeing an experiment that demonstrated the same effect from light. Does light also shift color depending on the velocity of the source? There are some interesting relativistic properties of light that may not work the same as sound waves. Light acts like a wave, but also acts like a particle called a "photon." If any reader knows of and can cite a published experiment that demonstrates wave frequency shift of light depending on the velocity of the source please provide a citation.
Light is almost a total mystery. There is very little known about its physical structure. Is each photon made up of 10 zillion little photoids? Nobody knows. Does a photon slowly lose photoids and therefore total energy over billions of years? Nobody knows. Light color is a composite measure of the energy of its photons. A loss of energy from a photon shifts it red, but does not change its velocity - “c.” The farther away a galaxy is from earth, the more billions of years the photons have to lose energy and shift to red. Perhaps, instead of accelerating away from each other and from us, the light from distant galaxies is shifting red by some kind of degradation of he light. Its a lot less complicated theory than inventing “dark energy” making up ¾ of the universe. Use Occam's razor, a review of the observations makes more sense than inventing some huge mythical dark energy or dark matter. Lets go back to reality. Science has lost its way, and not just in pushing the fraud of “global warming.” Something is wrong with the observations. We just don't know enough about light to claim that accurate measurements have been made of the speed of the most distant galaxies. Lets get real. Lets go back to the data and the measurements. That's where the errors lie.